and Style Manual
| Introduction | Start | Source Cards | Taking Notes | Plagiarism |
| Set-up and Quick Start | In-Text Citation | Works Cited and Consulted | Conventions |
MLA is specific about abbreviations in citations. You will probably
need to abbreviate months for any journal reference. Note that
May, June and July are not abbreviated.
Jan. - January
Feb. - February
Mar. - March
Apr. - April
May - May
June - June
July - July
Aug. - August
Sep., Sept. - September
Oct. - October
Nov. - November
Dec. - December
Other common abbreviations:
trans. for translator
sec. for section
n.d. for no date
ed. for editor
eds. for editors
spec. for special
pars. for paragraphs
In works cited/consulted lists, shortened forms of publishers' names are
recommended. In general, omit articles (a, an and the)
and business abbreviations (Co., Corp., Inc. or Ltd.).
If the publisher's name includes the name of one person, cite
the surname only. (W.W. Norton would be simply Norton.)
If the publisher's name includes several names, cite only the
first of the surnames.
Rules for Punctuating Titles of
- use Little for Little, Brown and Company, Inc.
- use ALA for The American Library Association
- use Cambridge UP for Cambridge University Press
Italicize or underline titles of longer works :
- full-length plays (usually three to five acts)
- movies or television series
- works of art--paintings, sculptures
- book-length poems
- major Web sites
Set in quotation marks titles of shorter works, not independently
- articles in periodicals
- short poems
- Web pages
- TV episodes
- one-act plays
Research and Style Guide by Kathy Schrock is licensed under a
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Adapted, with permission, on a work at sdst.libguides.com.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available by emailing email@example.com.